Martinique Martinique History
Located in the heart of the Caribbean archipelago, it is unapologetically Creole and is explored with great ease, but it always amazes me. Martinique, like its neighbours, is one of 26 regions of France and, like all its neighbours, an integral part of this Republic, having existed since 1946. With 1.2 million inhabitants, it is the second largest island in France after Guadeloupe. There are two main islands, the island of St. Vincent and the Grenadines and a small island off the coast of Saint Martin.
Although Martinique has experienced a certain stability since its incorporation into the French department in 1946, it has also experienced many upheavals in its history. This includes the French Revolution of 1789, when a slave revolt in nearby Haiti, alarmed by local plantation owners, brought the country under British rule.
In 1762, there was a yellow fever epidemic, and in 1763 the French established their own government for Martinique and Guadeloupe. In 1946, French Guiana was founded as a department, along with Guadalupe and Martinica, but virtually all remained under imperial sovereignty. In 1946 Martiniques had gone from a colony to a part of French Guiana, which was under the control of the French colonial government in the Caribbean.
The official language is French, with all speaking the language that is a mixture of French and Antilles Creole, a form of English. In addition, most residents can also speak some forms of Antillean Creole, which are closely related to the diversity of neighboring English-speaking islands. French is part of France and the official languages of Guadeloupe and Martinique and French Guiana.
Several other important influences have produced a fascinating mixture of cultures on the island, but Martinique culture has the definite French flavour, with the exception of St. Pierre, which was known as Paris of the French Antilles before the Pelee eruption. The rich history and cultural diversity of the rugged Caribbean island reflects the fact that it is home to many different cultures and ethnic groups from around the world, not just French ones.
However, the French exterminated the Caribbean Indians from Martinique in the 17th century, and what Nardin could not imagine was that French-speaking settlers and the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean were in constant contact. What followed in the history and culture of Martyrs is a mixture of indigenous and non-indigenous peoples from all over the world, as well as Europeans.
When Christopher Columbus visited Martinique, it was inhabited by the Caribbean people who called the island Madinina, which means flower island. French settlers led by Pierre Belain daEsnambuc landed on the northwest side of the islands, three decades passed and the Caribbean islands were gradually conquered. In the 14th century, the French settled in Martiniques with the help of some indigenous peoples from the Caribbean, such as the Caribbean Indians.
Martinique was occupied by Frenchman Pierre Belain, sieur d'Esnambuc and his recently arrived brothers, and Esnambucc founded 80 settlers. Neglected by the Spanish, who sought more material rewards than the island offered, Martinique had long been occupied by another Frenchman, PierreBelain de la Sieurs. Many of the Martinique planters emigrated from Martiniques and began to plan a new life for themselves and their families in France, aware of their shared suffering under the strict conditions of withdrawal.
Perrinon, who was responsible for the colony's downgrading, left France in early May and arrived in Martinique in June, where he discovered that slavery had already been abolished. Josephine Alexandre de Beauharnais was born in Paris, so she probably never set foot in Martinique. Enjoy a Planteur punch while sitting on a beautiful beach in Martinique, while Muriel Wiltord of La Martiniques Tourism explains why it is unique to other Caribbean islands.
After the Revolutionary War, Martinique was conquered by the English in 1794, who prevented the abolition of slavery, and officially returned to France in 1815 under the Treaty of Vienna. In 1817, slavery was abolished and former slaves became French citizens, but only for a short time.
After the Second World War, the people of Martinique decided for or against belonging to a regular French department and decided against it. The sugar trade, however, made it so lucrative that, after the end of the Seven Years "War in 1763, it was transferred to Canada by the French-Royal Government to regain control of its northern neighbor, Canada.
Martinique officially followed the French and positioned itself under the tricolour (French flag) since colonisation. This was very popular, so that a decree of August 4, 1766, stipulated that no form of the French flag could be flown in Martinique until the end of independence.
At that time, the idea of the French royal family in Paris was discredited and the dark days of slavery in Martinique had run their course. The French government signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1848 to restore control of Martinica to France and end slavery throughout the West Indies, but there were more difficulties. The Pelee erupted, destroyed the then capital of the island, Saint Pierre, and killed the 30,000 inhabitants of the city. With the end of independence in 1847, Martinique may have left slavery behind, but not for long.